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Extending out from the island’s southern tip, the European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation - International Marine Park of the Strait of Bonifacio (EGTC-PMIBB), between Corsica and Sardinia, breaks new ground by applying the EGTC legal instrument to the cross-border management of marine protected areas.
The EGTC-PMIBB, created on Dec. 7, 2012, in Bonifacio, brings together French and Italian players. On the French side, they include the Office de l’environnement de la Corse (Corsica Environment Office, which oversees Strait of Bonifacio Nature Reserve, the largest on the island), adjacent land managed by the Conservatoire du littoral (agency responsible for the preservation of the French coastline), and Tre Padule de Suartone Nature Reserve. The Italian side is represented by Maddalena Archipelago National Park.
Corsica also stands at heart of Pelagos Marine Mammal Sanctuary. Another case of cross-border cooperation, it extends from the northern tip of Sardinia all the way to the coastline of mainland France, Italy, and Monaco.
The Sanctuary was created in 1992, based on the observation that while the area shelters dense populations of marine mammals, they stand under increasing pressure from human activities. Stress factors include fishing, urbanization, collisions with ships, pollution, and whale watching.
The Sanctuary monitors the evolution of marine mammal populations and of their habitats, while promoting respectful behaviors among all those who use the sea.