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Regional approaches to MPAs and MPA networks are complex and sensitive due to the diversity of existing and evolving players, programs, networks and initiatives – a diversity which constitutes a coordination challenge but also a strength. Day 5 will consider the regional significance of international targets and how regions contribute to global MPA targets.
Discussions will stress how regions can catalyze synergies to achieve targets through coherent, well managed and efficient networks. They will have a strong cross-border focus.
Speakers will address ecosystem integrity, resilience and connectivity, answering the following key questions: How are such networks to be designed, and using what tools? Where are we standing in terms of MSP at the regional level? How do we track regional targets? How do we make them specific and measurable?
A discussion of ongoing initiatives will lead to proposals on how to enhance interregional cooperation between institutions and networks, and how to build bridges between distant shores so as to reflect the essential interconnectivity of the oceans.
Key questions: How can one capitalize best practices among regions? How can one build bridges between regions and initiatives?
Based on a review of existing initiatives at the regional level and on a discussion of Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas (EBSAs), two consecutive workshops will look into how Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJs) may be integrated into existing regional networks.
Common initiatives, best practices and cooperation at the sub-regional and regional levels are essential to improve regional approaches to MPAs, before, during and after their creation, in terms of both management and networking. These sessions will envision ways to strengthen cooperation not only within regions but also among them and to capitalize on the social dimension of regional networks.
While keeping in mind the diversity of contexts, comparing existing national/regional initiatives and operational MPA networks will help to devise effective measures to expand and strengthen them, notably regarding integrated area-based management and conservation measures. Sessions will go beyond general principles to work out concrete, context-specific actions, while highlighting the complex nature of regional approaches and instruments. Three parallel panels will stress the role of sub-regional initiatives in embodying and defining regional strategies and regional targets. Their findings will also nourish the discussions on interregional cooperation.
Key questions: How can one move from principles to context-specific implementation? How should regional action be coordinated on the ground? How can MPAs operating in different contexts be linked? How can Regional Seas play a linking role?
To build capacities, MPA managers need the support of peer networks.
Key questions: Where do such networks already exist? How can they be broadened and deepened?
How can they help to address MPA targets?
Institutions dedicated to ocean conservation cannot act on their own: they must rely on organizations that have a clear mandate to regulate activities such as fisheries and shipping. They must also take an active part in international political processes regarding climate change and invasive alien species (IASes).
Key questions: How should we develop integrated approaches to regional networks? How can one go beyond defensive or avoidance approaches to foster partnership? How can one address sectoral management objectives through MPAs? How should we deal with climate change and IAS threats?
Can MPA networks enhance resilience to global warming and acidification?