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Day 2 Wrap-Up, Part 1: Syntheses

Moderated by François Gauthiez (French MPA Agency) and Patricio Bernal (IUCN Global Marine and Polar Program), a panel of experts wrapped up the day's workshops, devoted to Science and Knowledge in the Service of MPA Management..

Gauthiez and Bernal organized the day's issues into five categories:

  1. Putting together a better toolbox
    New tools often rely on new technologies, but there is a concern about making them affordable to developing countries. The toolbox is often lacking when it comes to the high seas.
  2. Filling in knowledge and network gaps
    Discrete MPAs, large and small, must be integrated into a coherent whole. The network must cover the complete range of migratory species. For some species, mobile protected areas are a possible solution – drawing inspiration from fisheries' practice of setting up adaptive restricted zones.
  3. Developing human and social approaches
    Ecosystem service valuation (ESV) provides useful guidelines to decision-makers, while enhancing interdisciplinary dialogue. Traditional knowledge and participative monitoring are also gaining wider recognition.
  4. Accurately assessing the management of existing areas
    Today's methods are rarely adequate when it comes to assessing networks, as opposed to discrete areas. Too many MPAs are still devoid of any management plan. Bernal: "Yesterday we were proud to introduce the new world MPA map. But it would be interesting to see a map of MPAs that actually have a management plan."
  5. Advocating ocean conservation beyond the sphere of marine specialists
    All stakeholders must be involved early on in the design process, and be kept informed at every step. But while the bottom-up approach increases the social acceptability of MPAs, top down strategies vouch for overall coherence. As to the private sector, its engagement is much more than a necessary concession – it opens access to a wealth of valuable industry-collected data.

Read more : Day 2 Wrap-Up, Part 2: Panelists’ Comments


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